Can my company conduct a criminal history check on me even if I’m a current employee?
When applying for a new role, it’s not uncommon for an organisation to request permission to perform a criminal history check. As conducting criminal history checks are becoming a more commonplace step in the pre-employment process, some organisations may find themselves wanting to conduct criminal history checks on existing staff as well. As a current employer, you may find yourself wondering whether this practice is allowed and if you should be concerned for your position.
Below we’ve outlined the process an organisation should use when carrying out criminal history checks on current employees.
If your company has communicated that they will be conducting criminal history checks on existing employees, they need to be careful and considerate in their planning and execution. This is a sensitive issue, so therefore needs to be approached by employers in an appropriate manner.
Conduct a risk assessment
The first thing an organisation should do is conduct a thorough risk assessment to ensure that there is an inherent risk to the roles they intend to screen for and conducting criminal history checks are justifiable. This helps an organisation explain the situation to employees and minimises their chance for legal risk relating to discrimination claims.
Inform your employees
Once an organisation has completed conducting its risk assessment and is confident that conducting criminal history checks on existing employees is necessary, they should inform all employees that criminal history checks are being implemented as part of a wider risk management program. They should clearly explain the reasons for implementing the new policy and provide details on how it will help to mitigate risk and keep the working environment safe and secure for all employees.
Explain the proccess
Your employer should provide as much detail to their employees about the process as possible. They should explain that a criminal record will not automatically disqualify an employee from their current role. They should review the following with their employees:
- Why they have decided to implement criminal history checks and how it will benefit the organisation
- The type of information returned in criminal history checks and how it may vary from state to state
- The types of court outcomes that would raise red flags in relation to specific roles
- The assessment process including the additional factors that will be considered in each case
- That there will be an opportunity to discuss any record and disclose further information during the assessment process
- The dispute process if they believe the record is incorrect
- The fact that a criminal record will not automatically disqualify them from their role and each case is assessed on an individual basis
- The confidentiality of the findings and how they will be handled and stored
- Who the staff members are who will be conducting the checks
- Employees rights under human rights and anti-discrimination legislation
By reviewing the above, your employer will be helping to promote an open transition towards criminal history checking to make you and your fellow employees feel more at ease with the process.
Can I refuse a criminal history check?
As both you and your employer will know, consent is required in order to conduct a criminal history check on an individual. You (or other existing employees) may be reluctant to disclose your criminal history for fear of discrimination, harassment or termination of employment. If this is the case, your employer should arrange the following with you:
Arrange a private meeting
If you refuse to provide consent, your senior manager should arrange a private meeting with you in order to fully discuss the new criminal history check provisions, why they are justified and how the process will relate to your role. Your manager should again make it clear to you that there is a strict confidentiality policy, the company is following all fair work and discrimination legislation and that you will have the right to explain, provide further detail and/or dispute any criminal findings that are disclosed.
The more details your employer can give to you, the more secure you should feel about the process. Your employer should make it clear to you that not all criminal records will be relevant to your role and any findings will be assessed carefully with consideration for several other factors.
If you reveal the reason for your resistance to a criminal history check, your employer should encourage open dialogue around the issue and walk through how this record will be assessed under the company’s policy.
Explain the consequences
If you still refuse to consent to a criminal history check, your employer should walk you through the organisation’s policy on failure to undergo a criminal history check and ensure that you understand that failure to comply may result in finding that you are no longer suitable for the role, which could result in termination or change of position.
Disclosing the results
Anyone your employer conducts a criminal history check on, whether a candidate or an existing employee has the right to dispute the result or provide additional information. Therefore, it is mandatory that before making any decisions, your employer should first disclose the results with you.
Informing you about your disclosable record will provide a forum for open discussion and will give you an opportunity to be heard. Your employer should ask you whether you would like to provide any further details or information to be considered before a final decision is made.
It’s important that your employer fully explains the assessment process to you and that you understand that your criminal record does not automatically disqualify you from your job. They should go into detail about all of the factors that will be considered and encourage you to share details of your record and circumstances of the crime that could be mitigating factors, such as rehabilitative and preventative measures you’ve taken since the crime was committed.
Termination based on a criminal history check
If your criminal history check returns a criminal record that is relevant to your role and after disclosing the results, discussing them between you and your employer and considering the relevant factors, your employer determines that you are no longer suitable for the position, they should explore other options before terminating you.
If possible, your employer should explore if there are other roles within the company that do not carry the same inherent risks that you could be transferred into.
If there is no other option but to terminate, your employer should ensure that they’ve: